본 연구는 유아의 음악능력을 노래 따라 부르기를 통해 측정할 수 있는 검사 도구를 개발하여 적용해보고자 하였다. 이에 유아 33명을 대상으로 1차 예비 검사와 유아 26명을 대상으로 2차 예비 검사를 실시하여 Cubase 5.0 프로그램으로 유아의 음정감과 리듬감을 분석하고 진단하는 노래 따라 부르기 검사 도구를 제작하였고, 유아 341명에게 본검사를 실시하였다. 적용 결과를 간단히 요약하면 유아들이 재생하여 내는 음정과 리듬의 정확도는 성별 및 연령에 따른 차이가 통계적으로 유의하게 나타나지는 않았지만 낮은 도에서 솔까지 이후의 음을 재생하는데 평균 주파수와 현저한 차이가 있음을 알 수 있었고, 남아보다는 여아가 더 정확히 리듬을 재생해 내는 것을 알 수 있었다.
The purpose of this investigation was to develop a screening tool that can measure toddlers’ ability to sing, sing-along songs. In an early childhood setting, 33 people conducted a pre-inspection to target primary toddlers as well as a second preliminary examination wherein 26 people sang from Cubase 5.0. In an early childhood program, the program’s tools were used to analyze and determine the songs’ pitch on the basis of the songs’ rhythm. For this purpose, 341 young children s songs were analysed using the Cubase 5.0 program. The results of the study were as follows:First, a new testing instrument―“singing along”―that can measure the musical ability of young children by recall was developed. Second, the children’s sense of tune and rhythms was analyzed using the singing along testing tool, and no statistically significant difference were found in the children’s musical ability with regard to gender and age; however, an aged-based difference was found with regard to the “do” tune, and a difference was found between 6-year-olds and 7-year-olds with regard to the “do”, “re”, “mi”, and “sol” tunes. Further, with regard to rhythms, 5-year-olds played the tunes more accurately than the 6- and 7-year-olds, and the 5-year-old females played more accurately than their male counterparts.
Ⅱ. 연구 방법
Ⅴ. 논의 및 결론