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SCOPUS 학술저널

Liberalizing Immigration Policies for the UK Agricultural Sector in the Post-Brexit Era

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We investigate the effects of immigration policies on the UK agricultural sector under the new post-Brexit deal through a computable general equilibrium framework. We consider bilateral flows of migrants and frictions as part of capital and labor mobility to compare the point-based immigration system to open immigration policies in terms of their impacts on agriculture. We also integrate the GTAP-GMig2 immigration model with the GTAP-AGR agriculture model. Our findings show that liberal immigration policies have positive effects on production, farmers’ income, and overall welfare. The benefits increase if these policies are combined with reduced bureaucracy and lower behind-the-border costs in trade relationships.

I. Introduction

II. Background

III. Model and Data Calibration

IV. Design of Simulation Exercises

V. Results and Discussion

VI. Conclusions

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