Internet, Participation in International Trade, and Tax Revenue Instability
- Sèna Kimm Gnangnon
- 세종대학교 경제통합연구소
- Journal of Economic Integration
- 제37권 제2호
- 등재여부 : KCI등재
- 267 - 315 (49 pages)
This study investigates the effect of the Internet on tax revenue instability (TRI), notably through the international trade channel. It used a sample of 142 countries over the period 1995-2017 and relied primarily on the two-step system generalized method of moments estimator. The findings indicate that greater access to the Internet negatively affects TRI, and this effect works through the trade openness avenue. Especially, countries enjoy a higher negative effect of the Internet on TRI as they experience a greater trade openness. Moreover, Internet access reduces TRI in countries that have experienced a greater extent of tax reform and a greater export product concentration. Therefore, these findings add to the potential benefits of Internet adoption by showing that it could also help stabilize tax revenue, particularly through countries’ participation in international trade.
II. Theoretical Motivation: Effect of the Internet on Tax Revenue Instability via the International Trade Channel
III. Empirical Strategy
IV. Analysis of Empirical Outcomes
V. Does the Effect of Internet Penetration on the Instability of Tax Revenue Work through the Tax Reform Channel?
VI. Further Analysis