의사소통모래상자를 이용한 위축아동의 모-자녀간 행동변화 사례연구
- 배현주 송영혜
- 놀이치료연구 제7권 제1호
- 등재여부 : KCI등재
- 57 - 72 (16 pages)
본 연구는 위축아동의 모-자녀에게 의사소통 모래상자를 적용하여 모-자녀간 행동(의사소통과 상호작용행동)변화를 알아보고자 하였다. 본 연구는 사전․사후 설계로 매주 2회, 1회 90분간, 총 12회 의사소통 모래상자를 실시하였다. 전체 회기 동안 실시된 의사소통 모래상자는 ‘세계만들기’, ‘경험하기-재배치하기’, ‘의사소통하기’, ‘치료’, ‘사진찍기’, ‘전이’, ‘분해’ 단계, 총 7단계로 구성되었으며, 2회기에서 11회기까지 총 10회기 동안 마지막 단계 전 모-자녀의 관계증진을 위해 치료사가 제시한 활동이 포함되었다. 연구결과는 첫째, 의사소통 모래상자를 실시한 회기 내에서의 모-자녀간 의사소통과 상호작용행동이 긍정적으로 변화되었다. 둘째, 의사소통 모래상자 실시 후 자유놀이 상황에서의 모-자녀간 의사소통과 상호작용행동이 긍정적으로 변화되었다.
The purpose of this study was to find out behavior changes (Communication and Interaction) between a mother and a child through Communication Sand Tray. The subjects of this study are psychologically Withdrawn child who lack confidence, was difficult to express her feelings and often sulk, and mother who has dysfunctional type of communication. This study was consisted of pretest, treatment with 12sessions with 90 minutes of each session, and posttest. During the treatment, Communication Sand Tray that was applied to a mother and a child was consisted of seven stages; creating the world, experiencing and rearranging, communicating with the partner, therapy, documentation, transition and finally dismantling the world. Also, from the 2 session until the 11 session, additional activities suggested by the therapist were performed to improve relationship between the mother and the child before the last stage of dismantling the world. The results were as follows: 1. The communication between the mother and the child was affirmatively changed. The mother respected what the child was saying, selected a play after discussing with child and communicated with her child more openheartedly and affirmatively. Also, the child expressed his thoughts clearly, listened to her mother' opinion with interest and responded to it more receptively and actively. 2. The interactions between the mother and the child was affirmatively changed. The mother understood, accepted and supported the childꡑs behaviors, and reacted to them appropriately emotionally. Also, the child enjoyed a play with the mother, paid attention to it continuously and interacted leading the play.
Ⅳ. 결론 및 제언