This paper firstly studies the background of the Yuan(元) Dynasty where Huang Gongwang(黄公望) lived and the background of his paintings, and analyzes 《Fu Chun Shan Ju Tu(富春山居图)》through the postscripts of the characters of various eras actually left in the paintings. Currently, the controversial issues of 《Fu Chun Shan Ju Tu(富春山居图)》are explored in combination with the postscripts and historical events of the painting itself, and the legend of 《Fu Chun Shan Ju Tu(富春山居图)》is studied in a comprehensive manner based on the period, events mentioned in the postscripts. Finally, the historical and cultural process of Huang Gongwang himself and 《Fu Chun Shan Ju Tu(富春山居图)》and its influence on future generations are sorted out. Unlike most of the current research focused on the artistic creation and brush-and-ink techniques of 《Fu Chun Shan Ju Tu(富春山居图)》, this paper focuses more on the creative process and history of the painting itself. It is expected that more scholars will continue to pay attention to the 《Fu Chun Shan Ju Tu(富春山居图)》 and discuss various issues.